Legal framework for wind energy
Why a target for 2030 is essential for today
Why is a binding renewable energy target for 2030 essential for the wind industry today?
It shows investors there is a long-term market for wind energy, meaning they invest and the wind sector grows. This will bring:
- more green growth and jobs (investments of €25.3 billion and 795,000 jobs by 2030)
- greater EU competitiveness;
- lower dependency on fossil fuel imports and better energy security (€51 billion of avoided fuel costs in 2030)
- renewable energy technology exports
- stronger EU leadership in wind power technology
- lower cost wind energy
What about a greenhouse gas reduction target?
EWEA favours a 2030 climate and energy framework based on:
- A 2030 renewable energy target
- A 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target
- A 2030 energy efficiency target
- We also need investments in grid infrastructure, a fair energy market and support for R&D
A greenhouse gas target alone will not provide the jobs, growth, energy security and cost decreases of a renewables target.
When will this be decided?
In the next few months!
- The Commission is due to issue its Communication on 2030 in January 2014.
- The European Parliament will vote on its own report on 2030 in February 2014.
- The Heads of States should decide on the direction of the proposals in March 2014.
Background information – the story so far
2011: In March 2011 EWEA launches call for a binding renewable energy target for 2030. The EWEA calls were supported by Commissioner for Climate Action Connie Hedegaard:
"[It is] high time to start discussing a 2030 renewable energy target [in order to] provide the [renewables] sector and investors with predictability."
In December 2011 The Commission presents its 2050 energy roadmap, where renewables figured as a "no regrets option" (with wind energy being the key electricity technology in any scenario in 2050), alongside energy efficiency and infrastructure. 2030 was presented the key focus for future legislation.
At the launch of the roadmap, Commissioner for Energy Günther Oettinger states:
"With our roadmap we want to ensure that, for all participants, there should be an interesting discussion on binding targets for renewables by 2030. This should begin now and lead to a decision in two years time".
He later declares he supports the targets:
"Since 2050 is quite some time away, if we are to continue to promote a stable framework for the growth of renewable energy, we must start to consider the renewable energy targets we need for 2030."
2012-2013: Discussions on post-2020 renewable energy policy are ongoing in the EU institutions. The EU Council calls for post-2020 renewable energy legislation, and in May 2013 the European Parliament calls for a binding renewable energy target.
2013: In February 2013, EWEA issues its position paper on a 2030 climate and energy framework. In March 2013 the Commission's issued its Green Paper, which launched a consultation on the next 2030 framework. EWEA responds, and the Commission presents its results in September 2013.
Support Mechanisms for RES electricity
The 2001 RES-E directive gives Member States the possibility to choose from different support mechanisms for the promotion of renewable energy sources that produce electricity. There are two main tools: feed-in tariffs (either fixed price or premium over the "pool") and green certificates, although public tendering, investment incentives and tax exemptions are also applied by some countries.
In 2008, the Commission published a report on national support mechanisms employed by Member States which concluded that major barriers to the growth and integration of renewable electricity remain, and that a long term goal should be harmonisation of support schemes.
- EWEA paper on support mechanisms (March 2012)
- EWEA position on support mechanism guidance (December 2012)
- Commission document: The support of electricity from renewable energy sources
- EWEA Position Paper: CEER consultation on the non-harmonisation of support schemes
- More information on support mechanisms: optres.fhq.de
- EWEA response to the consultation regarding the guidelines on State aid for environmental protection
Internal electricity market legislation
The Third Liberalisation Package of 2009 assists the creation of an Internal Energy Market for electricity and gas notably by requiring ownership unbundling which means that large, vertically-integrated energy firms which control both electricity production and transmission assets are entirely broken up. It also creates two new European bodies: the European Network of Transmission System Operators (ENTSO) and the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) which have the duty to constitute a common EU-wide regulatory framework for grid management and market integration by implementing so-called binding Framework Guidelines and Network Codes.
- Wind Energy the Facts (Executive Summary)
- Pure Power
- National Renewable Energy Action Plans (access for EWEA members only)
- EU Energy Policy to 2050
- Rethinking 2050 - European Renewable Energy Council
- 45% by 2030 - European Renewable Energy Council
- Summary of the 2050 Energy Roadmap scenarios (access for EWEA members only)
- EWEA response to 2050 Energy Roadmap
- EWEA response to the Renewable Energy Strategy
- EWEA position - 2030 EU Climate and Energy framework
- EWEA response to the EC Green Paper consultation on a 2030 framework of climate and energy policies