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Conference programme 

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Poster session

Lead Session Chair:
Stephan Barth, Managing Director, ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Germany
Sean McCartan European Boat Design Innovation Group, United Kingdom
Sean McCartan (1) F P Louise Moody (1) Tim Thompson (1) Bob Verheijden (2)
(1) European Boat Design Innovation Group, Coventry, United Kingdom (2) Academy Minerva, Groningen, Netherlands Antilles

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Presenter's biography

Biographies are supplied directly by presenters at OFFSHORE 2015 and are published here unedited

Dr Sean McCartan holds the current position of Boat Design Course Tutor at Coventry University. His research area is Transfer of Innovation from other sectors to the marine industry, in the key areas of Design-Driven Innovation (DDI), advanced visualisation and Human Systems Integration( HSI). He leads the EBDIG (European Boat Design Innovation Group) network, which includes a number of leading European marine design consultancies and Universities. He is project co-ordinator for the Leonardo TOI project EBDIG-WFSV (Wind Farm Support Vessels), which aims to develop online training material for Naval Architects in: Marine Design; Human Factors; WFSV design; WFSV mothership design


A swath mothership concept for the far shore wind farms developed using the environmental psychology network model


The Toyota Production System (TPS) is a continuous improvement philosophy. It became the basis for the LEAN and Six Sigma manufacturing philosophies. A significant element of TPS is autonomation, or “automation with a human touch”. In the same way that lean techniques have been applied to automotive manufacturing, the principles of autonomation can be applied to offshore wind farm maintenance practices to improve turbine availability.


This paper presents a mothership concept design to support an autonomation approach to offshore wind farm maintenance practices, developed through an implementation of the NetWork model of Environmental Psychology and Biophilic Design.

Main body of abstract

The NetWork model encompasses both how and where work is done and how workers, processes and places are supported. It differs from previous models by focusing on the work that is to be done and how to enable it to be done most effectively. This knowledge informs the specification of furnishings, technologies, equipment and infrastructure that enable workers to make the best of wherever they work, to develop effective work practices, and to continue to adapt. This contrasts with the more traditional focus, which addresses only the places of work, and their efficient delivery and maintenance.


The evolutionary basis for biophilia, is that contact with nature is a basic human need: not a cultural amenity, not an individual preference, but a universal primary need. The biophilia hypothesis and supporting research tells us that, as a species, we are still powerfully responsive to nature’s forms, processes, and patterns. The design process presented is a Transfer of Innovation from interior architecture where it is a well establish approach to produce highly productive and low stress working environments. The potential of this Human Factors focused approach to reduce risk and hence operational costs such as insurance is significant.

Learning objectives
-the principles of autonomation can be applied to offshore wind farm maintenance practices to improve turbine availability
-Using the Toyota Production System (TPS) continuous improvement philosophy to create a detailed technician activity work flow and vessel specification to support this
-Applying environmental psychology to the design process to address the vessel specification