Delegates are invited to meet and discuss with the poster presenters during the poster presentation sessions between 10:30-11:30 and 16:00-17:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2015.
Lead Session Chair:
Stephan Barth, ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Germany
Nikolaos Chrysochoidis-Antsos (1) F Ad van Wijk (1) Vincent Oldenbroek (1) Freerk Bisschop (2)
(1) TU, Delft, The Netherlands (2) The Green Village, Delft, The Netherlands
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Presenter's biographyBiographies are supplied directly by presenters at EWEA 2015 and are published here unedited
Nikolaos Chrysochoidis-Antsos born in Thessaloniki (Greece) in 1988, graduated from the University of Western Macedonia with the degree of Mechanical Engineer with the specialization on Renewable Energy Resources. On 2011, he started the MSc Sustainable Energy Technology in TU Delft (The Netherlands) where he contributed with his work designing for the safety system of the FP7 “DEEPWIND”. He continued working in a photovoltaic start-up company and finally in 2015 he started his PhD in TU Delft.
PosterDownload poster (9.29 MB)
The wind energy potential along highways to fuel a sustainable transport sector
The transportation sector needs to change into a clean and sustainable sector in the coming decades. Wind energy, electric mobility and hydrogen will be key elements for this change. This paper presents the potential of wind energy installed along highways as a sustainable energy source for the transportation sector. Wind energy could produce the electricity for battery electric cars as well as the hydrogen for fuel cell electric cars sustainable energy resource for transport energy. The case example we present in this paper is for Germany.
Currently in Germany the transport sector consumes 32% of the total energy while passenger cars account for 69% of the transport sector, the passenger cars consume 22% of total energy. According to a recent study of the BMVI (Federal Ministry of transport and digital Infrastructure) the distribution of car vehicle drivetrains between 2030-2050 is expected to be 30% battery-electric (BEV), 30% hydrogen fuel cell-electric and 40% internal combustion engine or plug-in hybrid. If we want to produce both electricity and hydrogen via electrolysis with wind turbines, we need to increase the wind turbine capacity considerably. Where do we find the place for these wind turbines and how could we do that in a clever way? That is the question we want to address in this study.
Wind turbines could be built next to the vast length of German highways that cross the country. When we build 2 MW wind turbines every kilometre along the highways of Germany with today’s average onshore capacity factor of 17% in Germany, we could provide the total amount of electricity needed for the electric and hydrogen fuelled vehicles foreseen for 2030-2050. This is based on the total length of highways, main national roads and regional roads of Germany, which are roughly 90.000 km’s.
With such a concept for wind turbines along highways we can relatively easily bring the power to the fuelling stations along highways and charge batteries or convert the electricity into hydrogen. We need less land and infrastructure for these wind turbines for the transport sector. Finally we believe that it could simplify implementation and therefore could contribute to a clean and sustainable transport sector
Main body of abstract
Initially, the current German transportation sector and its energy use is analysed and projected in the future in order to estimate the future energy consumption for transport, for the different types of drivetrain.
Then, a detailed approach into assessing the wind energy potential along German highways and national roads is performed. The combination of a) the statistical and geographical information system (GIS) data about road infrastructures in Europe, b) wind energy historical data and c) land use and land cover data (by Eurostat), are used in a model to assess whether there is enough wind energy available along the roads of Germany and if there are any obstacles regarding the land availability.
Finally, the outcome of the wind energy potential study is combined with the hydrogen and electric mobility scenarios to quantify the possibilities of such a sustainable transformation.
This study indicates the potential for placing wind turbines along highways for the production of electricity and hydrogen for transport.
Overall, it presents a novel way to fuel the transport sector in a sustainable way.