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Delegates are invited to meet and discuss with the poster presenters during the poster presentation sessions between 10:30-11:30 and 16:00-17:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2015.

Lead Session Chair:
Stephan Barth, ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Germany
Mirjana Domanovic University of Belgrade, Serbia
Mirjana Domanovic (1) F P Zeljko Djurisic (1)
(1) University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

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The strategy of development of electrical power in the world is significantly dependent on the further development of wind power plants and the increase in installed capacity. Such plans impose a need to take advantage of wind energy, as much as possible, so it is necessary to consider conditions of development project of wind farms in river. Rivers in windy regions often represent a channel for the wind and usually are characterized with good potential for wind energy. However, there are a lot of limitation in terms of conditions of development project off river’s shore wind power plants, some of them are endangering the navigability of rivers, the negative impact on birds, problems of protection of wind turbines from floating objects (such as ice or trees), providing stable foundation... Due to large number of negative conditions, the development of projects in river was not of interest. However, there are locations in rivers where it is possible to develop wind power plants projects with acceptable risks and negative effects of their work.


The importance of this research is primarily in the specifics of the ‘’IRON GATE’’, because it represents one of the first wind farm development projects in the river.

Main body of abstract

This paper presents the key elements of the development of wind power plant project in Danube River. The installed power of wind farm is estimated at about 60 MW. With one-year measurement of wind parameters, it has been found that there is tunnel effect that is caused by the existence of Iron Gate canyon, whose length is more than 100 km. This effect is used for optimal micro location of wind turbines. The project is being developed right at the entrance of Iron Gate canyon, where there is a lagoon caused by the hydro power plant Djerdap I. The depth of the river in the area of interest is only a few meters, which is favourable in terms of providing stable foundations. The wind turbines would not breach the navigability of the Danube River, because the whole wind farm is located outside the navigable parts of Danube. Wind farm is protected from floating objects with a river island, which is located upstream, next to the power plant. The location of wind farm is outside the IBA’s, so it is not expected to be limiting factors in terms of negative impact on birds.


The paper present wind farm layout and the estimation of the production of wind power plants in Danube River. Using softer WAsP, it has been found that there is significant technical potential of wind energy in this location, which would provide yearly capacity factor of over 36%. The location for wind farm is also suitable in terms of grid connection, because there is a 110 kV transformer substation at a distance of about 3 km from promising offshore wind power plant ‘’IRON GATE’’.

Learning objectives
The conclusions of this research indicate that it is necessary to include rivers as potentially suitable locations for the project of development of wind farms in development strategy of the global energy industry.